Key producers of turmeric include India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The rhizome is the part that is most widely used. Rhizomes with a little tooth-like bud on one side should be chosen. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500. Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283. is there a supplement i can take it with to avoid the nausea. New Guinea, Taiwan, Puerto Rico, Natural Medicines website. Turmeric(Curcuma longa)(हल्दी) Turmeric is an essential spice that is commonly used in the kitchen every where in india. Dilaw, Luyang dilaw, curcuma longa:, long turmeric: Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal herbs by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research studies Turmeric can only be grown indoors in temperate regions and is a little tricky to at first, but once the dormancy of the rhizome has been broken it is easy to grow as a houseplant. Turmeric and curcumin are being investigated for any beneficial effects they might have on conditions such as cancer, dementia and irritable bowel syndrome and for potential cholesterol-lowering effects. Its rhizomes have traditionally been used both in food preparation and as a medicine. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192. Turmeric, (Curcuma longa), perennial herbaceous plant of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), the tuberous rhizomes, or underground stems, of which have been used from antiquity as a condiment, a textile dye, and medically as an aromatic stimulant.Native to southern India and Indonesia, turmeric is widely cultivated on the mainland and in the islands of the Indian Ocean. They can also be boiled in water, dried, peeled and then ground. The problem of curcumin and its bioavailability: could its gastrointestinal influence contribute to its overall health-enhancing effects? Musculoskeletal Inflammation and Natural Products, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 9000 Rockville Pike Bethesda, Maryland 20892, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Oriya Name: Haldi. & Celis, M. In India, the deliberate contamination and bulking out of turmeric is a serious problem in local markets. It was introduced to Jamaica in the 18th century. Larsen, K. (1996). Turmeric has been known as poor man's saffron because it offers a less expensive alternative yellow colouring, but the flavour it gives to food is different from true saffron, which comes from a species of Crocus (Iridaceae). Turmeric's common name in the north, haldi , derives from the Sanskrit haridra , and in the south it is called manjal , a word that is frequently used in ancient Tamil literature.Turmeric has a long history of medicinal use in South Asia, cited in Sanskrit medical treatises and widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani systems. Newborn babies had turmeric rubbed on their forehead for good luck, and they would be given a turmeric necklace to wear to keep away evil spirits.In India pieces of the rhizomes are added to water to make an infusion used in baths. Samoa, Turmeric rhizomes yield a bright yellow dye that is used as a colouring for foods, textiles, paints and even people! Easter Is., Fortunately, chemical analysis can to some extent establish how pure a product is.Ground turmeric is the most vulnerable product, particularly in local markets. Turmeric. (2008). Together, you can make shared, well-informed decisions. (2012). Yellow and orange are both special colours in Hinduism, yellow being associated with Vishnu, and as the colour of the space between chastity and sensuality. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. It’s used as spice in Indian cooking and also sold as a supplement. It contains yellow pigments called curcuminoids. Haiti, Sumatera, Yuncker, T.G. Evenhuis, N.L. Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. Turmeric is a main ingredient of curry powder. Turmeric has also been used in tooth powder or paste. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. (1994). Efforts have been made to develop curcumin products with increased bioavailability, and many modified products are already on the market. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. C. domestica (Turmeric, Haldi [Hindi], Jiang Huang [Chinese]) Curcuma zedoaria (Zedoary) Curcuma amada (Mango-Ginger) Curcuma xanthorrhizia (Curcuma, Japanese Turmeric, Tewon Lawa, Temu Lawak) Cautions Turmeric should not be used if there is a bile duct obstruction. Here, it is not uncommon to find turmeric powder adulterated with lead chromate, yellow earth, sand or even cheap talc.In the international market, concern over possible adulteration is associated mainly with the mixing of related Curcuma species containing similar pigments. Take charge of your health—talk with your health care providers about any complementary health approaches you use. Pitcairn Is., India is the world's largest producer, consumer and exporter of turmeric. Common Name: Turmeric (Besides, it is also known as Haldi or Haridra) Part used: Rhizome or Underground Tuber. This makes an alkali solution, so acidic lime juice was added to neutralise it. (2008). 2015. Few people still use traditional dyeing techniques in South Asia, but turmeric dye gives a yellow colouring to silk, cotton and wool. Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. (eds.) The genus Curcuma includes many other economically important species, including C. amada (mango ginger), C. angustifolia (wild arrowroot, narrow-leaved turmeric), C. aromatica (Cochin turmeric, wild turmeric) and C. zedoaria (zedoary). Originally associated with the sun as part of solar symbolism, the colours were absorbed into the mythology of Hinduism.Chakras in Hindu belief are mystical centres of orientation. For guidance from NCCIH on using PubMed, see How To Find Information About Complementary Health Approaches on PubMed. The resulting dye has always been popular during the Hindu festival Holi, which people celebrate by covering themselves with bright dyes. Flora Vitiensis Nova. Hot water extracts of the dried rhizome have been taken orally in Ayurvedic medicine to reduce inflammation. CDC health information   NIH research information, Common Names: turmeric, turmeric root, Indian saffron, Latin Names: Curcuma longa, synonym Curcuma domestica; Curcuma aromatica. Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Réunion, Gilbert Is., However, adulteration of true turmeric by C. aromatica and C. zedoaria can be detected by chemical methods. The flowering plants of Mt. Turmeric is also made into a paste for skin conditions. New Caledonia, Turmeric, a plant in the ginger family, is native to Southeast Asia and is grown commercially in that region, primarily in India. Leeward Is., Common Name: Turmeric Scientific Name: Curcuma longa Other Names: Kasturi Manjal, Curcuma, Turmeric Root, Yu Jin, Safran Bourbon, Indian Saffron, Pian Jiang Huang. The use of turmeric is prohibited in a house of mourning. The rhizomes can be cured for use as a spice by boiling and steaming. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. It should … To make green, cloth can be dyed yellow with turmeric and then blue with indigo ( Indigofera tinctoria ) or vice versa. Some of these are retained for replanting as a future crop. Turmeric and conventionally formulated curcumin products are probably safe when taken orally or applied to the skin in the recommended amounts. The yarn or fabric is dipped into the liquid, or the dye can be painted directly onto fabric.Another ingredient called alum might also be added. The plant reaches barely three feet in height and produces both a flower and a rhizome, or stem that … The Yoruba name for ginger is ata ile while turmeric is called ata ile pupa because of its bright colour. Curcumin is a major component of turmeric, and the activities of turmeric are commonly attributed to curcuminoids (curcumin and closely related substances). Bangladesh, The tuberous rhizomes or underground stems of turmeric have been used from antiquity as condiments, a dye and as an aromatic stimulant in several medicines.Turmeric is a very important spice in India, which produces nearly the whole world's crop and consumes 80% of its produce.